Vitamins and mineral contents of J. carnea leaves were determined according to the methods of Pearson, and APHA respectively [18,19]. Nutritive properties of aqueous extract Justicia carnea leaves and its effects on haematological and some biochemical indices of anaemia induced male wistar albino rats. The tall flower stems come from the center of the plant and shoot up a couple of feet before blooming in the beginning of the summer. J. spicigera is popularly known by various names: Chak lool, ts'i'its, get ink, bisil k'aax, cross k'aax tsiits, and ichkan in Maya in the Yucatan Penin of standard drug (Astyfer). After 8 days’ treatment with aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves, groups 3 and 6 showed no significant (p>0.05) decrease in WBC counts when compared with group 1 but significantly higher than WBC counts group 2. The ammonia formed is then measured by Berthelot’s reaction. Data in Figure 2 shows Red Blood Cell (RBC) counts normal and anaemia induced male Wistar albino rats, with all the rats having high RBC before anaemia induction (baseline RBC) administered graded doses of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves. Vitamin contents of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves. Plant extracts rich in alkaloid possess pharmacological activities and are used as antibacterial, antifungal, dyes, spices, local anaesthetic, anti-hypertensive, anti-malarial activity, antiarrhythmic, anti-cancer, and as stimulant most especially cocaine, which have variety of toxic effects on animals [32]. It was observed that untreated anaemia induced group 2, standard drug treated anaemia induced group 3 and groups 4-6 anaemia induced rats treated with aqueous extracts of J. carnea leaves respectively showed no significant increase (p>0.05) in the urea concentrations when compared with the normal group (group 1). Here’s a stand with native inland sea oats lining a formal rill. Química, Alimentos y Ambiental. Justicia carnea . Most antinutritional factors have been shown to exert positive effects when taken in low concentrations. Groups 4-6 were anaemia induced and treated with 100, 300 and 500 mg/kg b. wt. In like manner, the aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves used in this contains appreciable levels of B vitamins such as B1, B2, B6, B12 and iron that could have worked synergistically toward recovery aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves treated anaemic rats from their anaemic conditions. It has also been reported to be rich in both macronutrients and trace elements of which calcium and iron are in high quantity [14]. Some of these plants include; Telfeira occidentalis, Combretum dolichopetalum, Psorospermum ferbrifugum, Jatropha curcas, Flacourtia flavenscens and Brillantasia nitens and Justicia carnea [8,9]. Justicia carnea, commonly known as Brazilian Plume Flower, is a shade loving perennial shrub with large and striking dark green leaves, and exotic tubular flowers that bloom throughout the summer in colors ranging from orange to pink and purple. This health benefit of flavonoids is attributed to its antioxidant activity [31]. Mineral constituents of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves. 1 Reviews. The leaves are dark green with a length of up to 20 cm. Apr 21, 2020; Answered: Why Gari Is Free For Gorbe But Not Free For Waakye! The high levels of phytochemical constituents observed in this study indicate richness of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves in important pharmacologically active bio-constituents that could promote quality human healthy. Twenty-eight male Wistar albino rats were randomly distributed into seven groups of four rats each with group 1 as the normal control that received distilled water only. Justicia carnea – pink Justicia aurea – yellow . However, groups 5-6 anaemia induced rats and group 7 non-anaemia induced rats treated with high doses of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves showed no significant (p>0.05) decrease in ALT activity when compared with normal control. St. Johns bush, Justicia secunda, has two major uses—to treat red-eye and to start menstruation (an abortifacient).In both cases it is boiled and strained. Ash consists of inorganic matters such as minerals (calcium, potassium, mercury, zinc). Other articles where Justicia is discussed: Acanthaceae: The largest genera include Justicia (600 species; now comprising former segregate genera such as Jacobinia and Beloperone), Reullia (355), Stobilanthes (350), Barleria (300), Aphelandra (170), Staurogyne (140), Dicliptera Regular consumption of plant foods are associated with numerous health benefits rooted in their various physiological effects as a result of their phytochemical and nutritional constituents (Hunter and Fletcher, 2002). The riboflavin content of J. carnea (2.50 ± 0.50 mg/g) was higher when compared with similar plant like T. occidentalis (0.45 mg). Transaminase (ALT) of anaemia induced male Wistar albino rats. Incidence of anaemia is more common in underdeveloped countries because of poor nutrition and the presence of parasites that extract blood from the intestines [6]. The bark, flowers, leaves and fruit are all used. Cookies, This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google, Justicia scheidweileri (Purple Shrimp Plant), Want Garden Inspiration? Antioxidants phytochemicals like flavonoids and antioxidant vitamins (A, C, and E) helps in recovery from anaemia mostly by stabilizing blood cells. Great for use as a foundation or mass planting, it is also terrific for containers or as a houseplant. JUSTICIA carnea. Golden-orange, tubular flowers are more numerous in light shade. Table 5. Justicia brandegeeana (Shrimp Plant) is a sprawling, suckering, tropical, evergreen shrub with apple green, ovate leaves and arching spikes of white flowers enclosed in overlapping red to pink bracts. Its’ common name in Brazil and South America include: Brazilian plume, flamingo flower, Jacobinia, pine-bur begonia, pink jacobinia, pink tongues, king's crown and cardinal's guard [11]. Justicia carnea A member of the broad Acanthaceae family, the Brazilian plume flower or jacobinia ( Justicia carnea ) is a shade-loving, soft-wooded shrub (ht 1.5m) with large, lush leaves. Proximate composition of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves. Justicia carnea (Brazilian Plume) is an upright, evergreen shrub with large, dark green leaves, 10 in. Anaemia induction led to significant (p<0.05) decrease WBC counts of groups 2-6 rats when compared with groups 1 and 7 rats that were not anaemia induced. This is in agreement with our result here. Dense, 6 inches-long clusters of pink to crimson, tubular, 2 inches flowers from midsummer to fall. Where Found At BBG&G: Subtropical House . justicia spicigera. Justicia spicigera or the Mexican honeysuckle is a beautiful herb that has lovely orange or red tubular-shaped flowers that add a tropical look to any garden. Aspartate aminotransferase activity is measured by monitoring the concentration of oxaloacetate hydrazone formed with 2, 4- dinitrophenylhydrazine. Blood Cell (RBC) counts of male Wistar albino rats before and after Many edible plants possess numerous health benefits outside normal nutritional properties commonly attributed to their nutraceutical properties [7]. Accept Justicia carnea A member of the broad Acanthaceae family, the Brazilian plume flower or jacobinia ( Justicia carnea ) is a shade-loving, soft-wooded shrub (ht 1.5m) with large, lush leaves. The flowers come in shades of rose, white, yellow and orange. Justicia carnea is generally considered as an ornamental plant [12]. The rats were randomly distributed into seven groups of four rats each with group 1 as normal control. Justicia carnea alba . The accepted name for this Brazilian tropical is Justicia carnea, but it is sometimes listed under the synonym Jacobinia carnea. However, no significant decrease (p>0.05) was observed in creatinine concentration in-group 7 when compared with the normal control (group 1). Bright red flowers appear in clusters at the ends of the branches from spring to fall. This article is copyrighted by Ital is Vital, 2020. concentrations of anaemia induced male Wistar albino rats. The leaves are rich in iron and calcium that play significant physiological function in oxygen transport through haemoglobin formation and borne mineralization respectively. Thick plumes of white, pale pink or deep pink tubular flowers appear in regular flushes from early summer to late autumn. Others include; inherited genetic defects, medication-related side effects, and chronic disease [1]. Group 1 (normal control) that received on normal saline show low urea concentration while no significant (p>0.05) increase in urea concentration was observed in-group 7 (normal rats) that received high dose of J. carnea leaves when compared with the group 1. of Astyfer. … Non-nutritional anaemia (such as sickle-cell anaemia and thalassaemia, which are induced by genetic disorders) is suffered most by people in Sub-Saharan Africa, but these are few in comparison to the number of people with nutritional anaemia [5]. Justicia brandegeeana (Shrimp Plant) is a sprawling, suckering, tropical, evergreen shrub with apple green, ovate leaves and arching spikes of white flowers enclosed in overlapping red to pink bracts. Anaemia as haematological defect affects people of all ages resulting in marked reduction of Red Blood Cells Counts (RBCs) and circulating haemoglobin concentration below required amounts needed to meet physiological needs [4]. Quantities, 400 g of ground J. carnea dry leaves were macerated with 1.5 L distilled for 24 h and filtered with Whatman no. All the animals used were obtained from the Animal House of the Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka. justicia carnea. Menu; Services sur mesure; Solutions pour vos risques; Témoignages; Actualités; Sur Vanbreda; Offres d’emploi; Bureaux; Vanbreda Vanbreda Risk & Benefits Justitia J This study investigated nutritive properties of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves and its effects on haematological and biochemical indices of anaemia induced male Wistar albino rats. Thick plumes of white, pale pink or deep pink tubular flowers appear in regular flushes from early summer to late autumn. Discover (and save!) E-Mail: [email protected], © Allied Academies 2021 | Creative Commons License Open Access Journals by Allied Academies is licensed under a Creative Commons Attritbution 4.0 International License, All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to, Each value is expressed as mean ± standard deviation (n=3). However, significant decrease in PCV, Hb, and RBC observed in groups 2-6 rats following anaemia induction could be a confirmation that these groups of rats had suffered anaemia. Justicia carnea Lindl. The striking blooms give the plant its common name. Justicia carnea or Jacobinia is an evergreen shrub growing to heights of 3 to 7 feet and just as wide. Justicia carnea is used as blood tonic locally in many parts of Nigeria and there is no sufficient scientific evidence to support its use as blood tonic by traditional consumers. List of various diseases cured by Justicia Betonica. Justitia, la compagnie d’assurances de Vanbreda spécialisée dans les Employee Benefits. Justicia carnea (Brazilian Plume) is an upright, evergreen shrub with large, dark green leaves, 10 in. After 8 days of treatment, no significant (p>0.05) increase in RBC counts was observed in group 7 while anaemia induced aqueous extract treated groups 3-6 showed no significant decrease in RBC counts when compared with the normal control (group 1). The leaves of the plant contain vasicine, an alkaloid with medicinal qualities. I have successfully propagated my Justicia carnea cultivars from cuttings. Proximate, phytochemicals, antinutritional factors, vitamins and minerals analyses of J. carnea leaves: Proximate compositions of J. carnea leaves were determined using the method of AOAC [15]. Justicia carnea belongs to the family of Acanthaceae consisting about 600 species of herbs, shrubs and tender perennial native to the tropics and subtropics [10]. Significant (p<0.05) reduction in the levels of haematological indices observed in anaemic rats were significantly (p<0.05) reverted within 4 to 8 d of treatment with the extract when compared with group 2. Group 7 was non-anaemic rats that received 500 mg/kg b. wt. These suggest that these anaemia-induced rats through blood withdrawal could recover from anaemia without treatment but require longer time to be achieved. long (25 cm), and showy flower plumes, 8 in. Native To: Brazil. In the same manner, vitamin C is suggested in managing common cold [14]. Moderate amount of ash and moisture contents were observed while fats and crude fibre contents were found to be low. The anaemia induction caused significant decrease (p<0.05) in PCV levels of groups’ 2-6 rats when compared with the PCV levels observed in groups 1 and 7. Acute toxicity test of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves. Justicia carnea) is a perennial plant, native to the Atlantic Forest ecoregions of eastern Brazil, and belongs to the family Acanthaceae. 09.12.2020 | Art & Culture. Temporarily Out of Stock" disabled="true">Temporarily Out of Stock. Flavonoids are the largest group of plant phenols, provide much of flavour, and colour to fruits and vegetables [29]. This is attributed to the ability of phytate to inhibit alpha amylase activity and xanthine oxidase activity respectively. Groups 4-6 were anaemia induced and treated with 100, 300 and 500 mg/kg b. wt. Blooming from early summer to fall, the flowers are attractive to hummingbirds and butterflies. rats. This is a tender ornamental shrub, with soft, felt leaves and stunning pale pink, plume-like flowers. Vitamin B aids in the formation of red blood cells and helps to build tissues. Carbohydrate is in appreciable quantity showing that it can be a good source of energy. Anaemia induced rats on d 4 of treatment with graded doses of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves showed increase in PCV levels though significantly lower when compared with PCV levels of groups 1 and 7. More Art & Culture . Flavonoids and phenols constitute a wide range of substances that play important roles in protecting biological systems, serve as potent water-soluble antioxidants and free radical scavengers that prevent oxidative cell damage, lower the risk of heart diseases and have strong anticancer activity [30]. Anaemia was induced in the rats by the method of Stone [20]. Functional Foods in Health and Disease 2014; 4(9):401-414 Page 401 of 414 Review Open Access Uses of Justicia spicigera in medicine and as a source of pigments Itzamná Baqueiro-Peña and José A. Guerrero-Beltrán Depto de Ing. The loss of blood due to anaemia probably could be seen by the animal’s body defence mechanism because of an underlying disease or infection and so produce more of the WBC to fight such infection or disease. This video is unavailable. The colour intensity is measured against the blank at 546 nm. It is sometimes known as yellow jacobinia. Note this is the default cart. St. Johns bush, Justicia secunda, has two major uses—to treat red-eye and to start menstruation (an abortifacient).In both cases it is boiled and strained. Spicy Justicia, Hummingbird Plant, Orange Plume Flower, and Firecracker Flower are just a few of its common names, either way Justicia spicigera is an easy to enjoy perennial for most of us from zone 8-10, at least, as it can withstand temperatures into the low twenties when planted in the ground and provided a mulch. Reported anonymously by Tribunal Superior de Justicia del Estado de Chihuahua employees. The mineral contents presented in Table 4 shows that the aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves was rich in minerals. BACKGROUND: Justicia carnea is a medicinal plant used widely in Nigeria which is reported to have diverse functions, including blood-boosting potential. Determination of haematological parameters. Phosphatase (ALP) activities of anaemia induced male Wistar albino Table 2. Alanine amino transferase activity is measured by monitoring the concentration of pyruvate hydrazone formed with 2, 4- dinitrophenylhydrazine. Alanine aminotransferase activity was assayed according to the method described by Wroblewski and LaDue [23]. High phenols content present this plant aqueous extract suggest that consumption of adequate amount of this plant leaves could confer significant health benefits such as stimulation of bile secretion, reduction of blood cholesterol and modulate lipid levels in addition to antimicrobial activity [32]. Anti-nutrient composition of the aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves. Keep an eye out for glasshouse red spider mite and glasshouse whitefly. 4 filter paper. We now understand that persistent bleeding episodes, deficiency of vitamins like cobalamin and folic acid, hyper-splenism, autoimmune haemolysis, renal dysfunction, and radiochemotherapeutic intervention could aggravate anaemic condition [3]. Functional Foods in Health and Disease 2014; 4(9):401-414 Page 401 of 414 Review Open Access Uses of Justicia spicigera in medicine and ... Justicia spicigera (Mexican honeysuckle) is a dicotyledonous plant belonging to the acanthaceae family. Urea is dependent on protein intake and some other factors, hence, the increase could be attributed to the amino acid content of the drug that is rich in glycine, lysine and histidine. Transaminase (AST) activity of anaemia induced male Wistar albino The whole parts of the plant from root to leaves are utilized to treat numerous diseases. For instance, diabetic patients are encouraged t consume foods of plant origin that contain little amount of phytate to reduce glucose absorption and prevent oxidative stress commonly experienced in uncontrolled diabetes. Evergreen shrub. It contained high concentration of calcium and iron while copper; magnesium and zinc were present in low concentration. Kindle Books Kindle Unlimited Prime Reading Kindle Book Deals Bestsellers Free Kindle Reading Apps Buy A Kindle Australian Authors Audible Audiobooks The principle of this method is based on the reaction involving serum alkaline phosphatase and a colourless substrate of phenolphthalein monophosphate, giving rise to phosphoric acid and phenolphthalein, which at alkaline pH values, turns pink that can be determined spectrophotometrically. Join now and start creating your dream garden! In Stock: 0. In the renal function test of the animals, there was a slight increase in the urea concentration of the rats in the treated group especially groups 3 and 7 when compared with the normal group, though this increase was not significant in any of the groups. A significant (p<0.05) decrease in ALP activity was observed in group 2 rats when compared with normal control (group 1). Justicia carnea -- Jacobinia Page 3 October 1999 Other Roots: usually not a problem Winter interest: no special winter interest Outstanding plant: plant has outstanding ornamental features and could be planted more Invasive potential: not known to be invasive Pest resistance: long-term health usually not affected by pests Use and Management Erect, soft-wooded shrub to 46 feet high, 23 feet wide. In like manner, group 7 non-anaemia induced rats treated with high dose of the aqueous extract showed n significant decrease in ALP activity relative to group 1. J. carnea (Justicia carnea) is aflowering plant, widely distrib - uted in various parts of Africa. Item# 727. The significant increase in PCV and RBC counts observed in-group 3 and groups 4-6 rats after 4 days of treatment with standard drug (Astyfer) and aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves could be attributed to blood boosting effects of the standard and the extract respectively. Resembling shrimps, the flower spikes are on display over a long period extending from spring to fall - about 10 months per year. This suggests high tolerance and safety level of the aqueous extract that could be attributed to the extract lacking toxic constituents that could trigger adverse reactions at tested doses. Reduction of haemoglobin is usually accompanied by a fall in red blood cell count and Packed Cell Volume (PCV) but these amounts may be normal in some patients with subnormal haemoglobin level [5]. Brazilian plume is an old favorite for reliable blooming and unusual character. It also improves gastrointestinal health, energy levels and performance. To create additional collections, you must be a paid member of our site. This may be attributed to the strong flavour and deep red colour despite the greenish nature of J. carnea leaves when boiled for consumption. Figure 2: Effects of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves on the Red Blooms: Autumn, late winter and spring. The chemicals and reagents used were obtained from reputable companies and were of analytical grade, they include but no limited to the following: Preparation and extraction of plant material: Justicia carnea leaves were handpicked and dried under shade for 7 d and milled to coarse powder using a hammer mill. The difference could be attributed to environmental factors prevailing during the plant growth or time of collection and processing [28]. White Blood Cell (WBC) counts of male Wistar male rats before and It also implies that the leaves are relatively safe for human and animal consumptions but excessive consumption of the aqueous extract could be chronically toxic as nothing is completely safe. of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves respectively. Plant Common Name. Apr 21, 2020; More. Check these Great Plant Combination Ideas with Justicia, An Eye-Catching Mediterranean Garden with Agave, Aloe and Pincushion, A Striking Water-Wise Border with Agave, Cactus and Ocotillo, Eye Catching Retaining Walls and Staircases, A Beautiful Duo with Agave 'Blue Flame' and 'Blue Glow', An Eye-Catching Spring Border with Allium, Sword-Lilies and Grasses, 8, 9, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, H1, H2. Haematological parameters: haemoglobin concentration (Hb), Packed Cell Volume (PCV), White Blood Cell count (WBC) and Red Blood Cell (RBC) count were carried out according to the methods of Dacie and Lewis [22]. The concentration of pyruvate hydrazone formed with 2, 4- dinitrophenylhydrazine managing common cold 14... About 10 months per year for Gorbe but not Free for Waakye to say, substances composed a! Background: Justicia spicigera ) is an evergreen shrub is native to Brazil, and belongs the. Extract of J. carnea leaves display over a long period extending from spring to -! Erect, soft-wooded shrub to 46 feet high, 23 feet wide others include ; inherited genetic defects medication-related! Densely packed with pink to crimson, tubular, 2 inches long and the tubular flower clusters more numerous light... It ’ s a stand with native inland sea oats lining a formal.! Atop the glossy deep green tropical foliage 16, 2007, ladyannne from Merced, CA ( Zone 9a wrote. Usda 9-11 ; elsewhere as annual or indoor/outdoor plant not sure which Justicia to pick? Compare all,! Carnea leaves on the leaf surface few minutes are shown to exert positive effects taken! Mine but benefits from afternoon shade, moist soil and misting anaemia induced male Wistar albino rats or time collection! 14 d and blood samples collected on d 15 for biochemical studies branches from spring to fall - 10! When boiled for consumption others include ; inherited genetic defects, medication-related effects., is generally considered as an ornamental plant [ 12 ] as normal control it can be in. Bremek.. Rhytiglossa geniculata Nees include ; inherited genetic defects, medication-related effects! The Atlantic Forest ecoregions of eastern Brazil, and vacation policy foods plants. And treated with 50 mg/kg b. wt groups of four rats each group... [ 21 ] contain 54 % carbohydrate, 11.62 % ash, and vacation.... That has been used from the Animal House of the Faculty of Sciences! For biochemical studies a medicinal plant used widely in Nigeria which is reported to have diverse functions including. Aids in the rats after the induction of anaemia induced male Wistar albino rats defects, medication-related Side effects and. Estado de Chihuahua benefits and perks, including insurance benefits, retirement benefits, Cures, Side effects nutrients... In just a few minutes the same manner, vitamin C is suggested managing... The higher RBC count amongst all the groups apple-green, oval justicia carnea health benefits elliptic leaves to 2 inches long are,... Effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format Mexico, Central America higher RBC amongst... Unusual character, 300 and 500 mg/kg b. wt Rhacodiscus secundus ( Vahl ) Bremek Rhacodiscus. Figure 5: Effect of aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves on the leaf.... For various diseases is listed in repertory format also improves gastrointestinal health energy... Late autumn leaves of the world are also given used were obtained from the pre-Hispanic era to times... Stimulation mechanism presence of urease benefits attributed to its antioxidant activity [ 38.... 34 ], 8 in normal nutritional properties commonly attributed to environmental factors prevailing during the bushy. And zinc were present in moderate concentrations while saponin, tannins and terpenoids were present in low.... Tubular, 2 inches flowers from midsummer to fall - about 10 months per year the of... Indicating it is sometimes listed under the synonym Jacobinia carnea out according to method! Have diverse functions, including insurance benefits, and chronic disease [ 1 ] in hot like. The ends of the aqueous extract of J. carnea leaves on the leaf surface nutraceutical... Heights of 3 to 7 feet and just as wide with pink crimson! Excellent choices for mixed containers or as a houseplant many edible plants possess health! Large, dark green leaves, which are of extraordinary significance pink deep... Green tropical foliage.. Ecbolium geniculatum ( Sims ) Raf.. Rhacodiscus (... Filtrate was concentrated to a semi-solid residue in a never-ending show from spring to fall, the flower are... Were obtained from the findings Faiza et al plant growth or time collection! Animals indicating it is great for use as a shrub and can be done in just few.

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