Its nature, which is the source of explanation, is existentially distinct from its existence. If GOD is contingent on other things, GOD does not exist. With our heritage of Aristotelean-Thomistic philosophy, today’s apologists have no excuse for a lack of rigor in their arguments for the existence of God. '” This is the question Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz (1646-1716) posed in regards to the origin of the universe as a part of his argument for the existence of God. It is special revelation, the Old and New Testaments as illuminated by the Holy Spirit, which ultimately points people to God the Father and Jesus Christ, His Son. But wouldn’t this mean God needs an explanation outside of Himself? There is no requirement for energy/matter to be anything other than a Brute Fact. The explanation for the universe must be both “non-physical and immaterial”, I'm a Pastor in North Dakota and created ReasonableTheology.org to help make theology accessible for the everyday Christian. Leibniz’ Contingency Argument. The valid philosophical starting point is the human experience of the existence of a particular material entity. 1 Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, part 9. 2 (2007) issue of Skeptic, I confronted my life-long obsession with Nothing. So a priori gets us nowhere. Your email address will not be published. If we look at “Why something?” a posteriori, we regress/traceback from “now”. Premise 2: The set of things, whose existence we experience, are material and mutable (contingent). Instead, the explanation for the universe must be both “non-physical and immaterial” as the video below states. After all, if we accept that we exist to ask the question, then we’ve proved something exists. 8). Both Scripture and scientific consensus deny that the universe is eternal, but instead had a beginning. Thanks! I have recently posted an essay to my personal blog, Theyhavenowine.wordpress.com, which I hope presents the mathematics simply to the average reader. The question “Why is there something?” is two stages of eccentricity away from a question of existence as we humans experience existence, namely as the existence of a particular material entity, such as this dog. Instead, it uses the very existence of the universe as a means to show that there must be an un-caused cause of all things. Reflecting on the great issues that animate our lives -- good and evil, truth and beauty, faith and the soul, free will and consciousness -- Why Is There Something Rather Than Nothing? His answer is: Because there being nothing is as improbable as anything can be: it has probability 0. At that point in the line of reasoning, “God” is philosophically undefined and cannot be a candidate. Charles Hodge said, A cause is something. The physicist Lawrence Krauss explicitly claims there is an answer to the question Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing. 2. It must be outside of the universe, beyond space and time. (St. Thomas Aquinas, On Being and Essence, tr. (See Tire Track Apologetics for more on this example). We respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! That fascination has continued throughout his education in philosophy, math and science. is the act of existing alone.” It is an addendum to state: This being we call God. The answer would entail an essay to cover the many implications of that question. Philosophy starts with our common experience of reality, our common experience of the existence of material entities. Second, the syllogism addresses a three tiered nested set, in which each tier is not only defined, but is identified as existing. Here is a brief and simplified explanation of what has come to be known as the Leibniz Contingency Argument, or the Leibniz Cosmological Argument (cosmology being the study of the origin of the cosmos, or universe). Common illustrations of this given are wandering in the woods and discovering a pocket watch. If this is successful, we will be able to demonstrate “which something”. 3. We do not experience dog per se. Science Will Never Explain Why There's Something Rather Than Nothing. It’s either contingent, which means it depends on other things for its existence. Since the universe began to exist as a point in time, and “everything that begins to exist has a cause,” this objection to premise 2 is addressed.2. Published April 15, 2020 Updated April 27, 2020 Scientists on Wednesday announced that they were perhaps one step closer to understanding why the universe contains something rather than nothing… 8 Ontology Studies 9, 2009 Adolf Grünbaum 1. Your email address will not be published. And if we have “something”, we have no basis on which to select “this something” or “that something”. and to annihilate [ to annihilate – to cause to go from being, to nothing. ] Sorry if that isn’t satisfactory. Since non-intelligent, abstract objects cannot cause anything to exist, the options for how the universe came to be becomes limited to that which is non-physical, immaterial, exists necessarily and outside of space and time. A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing is a non-fiction book by the physicist Lawrence M. Krauss, initially published on January 10, 2012 by Free Press. But we have a further problem – whilst in theology/philosophy it may be stated that “necessary” means “must exist”, if we are attempting to determine (past) actuality, the only requirement is that there was a First Existent. But the question is not ultimate. In a word: God. Read more at his website, Copyright © A.D. 2018 Catholic Stand | Powered by Astra. – Article Image captured from the Reasonable Faith video. To that, many apologists would reply that for the universe to be that which exists necessarily it would have to be eternal. Dog as generic, however, has no existence in itself. [2] Why is there something rather than nothing? The main theme of the book is how "we have discovered that all signs suggest a universe that could and plausibly did arise from a … Please check your inbox and confirm your subscription. The quotation precedes the conclusion of the argument. “God is a metaphor for a mystery that absolutely transcends all human categories of thought, even the categories of being and non-being.” ~ Joseph Campbell This is especially evident in a line of reasoning of which the conclusion is the existence of God: There must be some being which is the cause of existing of all things because it itself is the act of existing alone. Premise 1: B is a subset of A Why is there something rather than nothing? As such, it requires an explanation. That generalization, the universe, is not an entity of which we actually experience the existence. The material particular exists as an entity; the generic does not. We don't share your email address with anyone, and you can unsubscribe any time. It is a real entity, a substance. I present to you a syllogism of what I am referring: This occurred on at least one occasion, and eventually led to us now. a being which is solely the act of existing. Premise 1. The essay is “Dealing Cards: The Probability of Distributions of N Elements into S subsets”. I’ll file this whole paragraph in the … This prior knowledge may be due to revelation or to going through the line of philosophical reasoning previously, perhaps implicitly. offers a guided tour of Western philosophy by one of the world's greatest living experts. Or imagine how incredulous you would be if you were being told that Mount Rushmore was simply discovered rather than intentionally carved! . Learn how your comment data is processed. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. 2. The initiating question is, “What explains the existence of this material entity?” Of course, the answer cannot be, “Another material entity which does not explain its own existence.”. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Therefore, the explanation of the universe’s existence is God. This is the reason for his initial question: “Why is there something rather than nothing?” Unlike God, who has always existed in and of Himself, there is no reason to assume that the universe had to exist. However, the Leibniz Contingency Argument clearly is not formulated to present the God of the Bible as the one true God. The First Existent can be other than energy/matter, and had no beginning of its existence. Hymn Story: What A Friend We Have In Jes... Mount Rushmore was simply discovered rather than intentionally carved. To answer a critic, one must meet him on his chosen turf. However, they also face a different challenge. The First Existent can be energy/matter that has always existed. The logic of the argument goes like this: 1. Either the First Existent has continued to exist (and exists now), or there has been a contiguous succession of Existents (and the First Existent maybe no longer exists). Only one of these critiques, “Answering the New Atheism”, addresses Dawkins’ mathematics, but fails miserably. For the universe to exist contingently, argues Leibniz, it must have an external explanation. It seems natural to ask why the universe exists at all. Conclusion: GOD exists. Initially, in philosophy, the concept of God, let alone His existence, is unknown. I … It is because it is. The conclusion is, “There must be (exist) some being which . Let go of expectations and find something to be grateful about, even when things do not turn out the way you hoped, and you will experience serenity rather than resentment. 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